Restoring Acadia’s Iconic Summits

Thousands of hikers each year have trampled fragile vegetation on Acadia’s mountain summits, resulting in the loss of soil, rare plants, and unique plant communities. Park staff tried roping off summit areas in hopes that the sub-alpine vegetation would come back naturally. Unfortunately, after more than 15 years, there has been little success.


Jim Burka, Acadia National Park biological science technician, waters sterilized soil recently added to areas that will be revegetated near the summit of Cadillac Mountain in Acadia National Park, Tuesday, May 25, 2021. (Photo by Ashley L. Conti/Friends of Acadia)

Despite their hardened granite, Acadia’s mountain summit ecosystems are incredibly fragile. Human-caused climate change is causing longer growing seasons, more rain, less snow, and fewer species that we know and love. Extreme weather events are damaging landscapes, cultural resources, and infrastructure. Invasive plants species are trying to out-compete native summit plants. Trampling by humans has damaged the plant communities at the top of mountains.

Together with partners-in-science like Friends of Acadia, park scientists are studying the summit plant communities and in some cases actively working to restore them.

Friends of Acadia is supporting the park’s work to keep the sub-alpine vegetation of Acadia’s summits healthy, diverse, and adaptable. Thanks to donations from our members, the lessons learned from restoration activities on Cadillac Mountain are being extended to Penobscot and Sargent Mountains.


Wild Acadia Projects

The Friends of Acadia and Schoodic Institute are working together with the park to lead the way in research-based management decisions in the face of climate change.

Wild Acadia is a partnership-based, interdisciplinary, and updated approach to managing Acadia’s natural and cultural resources. Rather than managing to a past state, this approach seeks to understand the stresses to Acadia’s resources, the resulting changes from those stressors, and new ways to manage park ecosystems so that they are better equipped to handle changing environmental conditions.

Friends of Acadia is investing in a series of Wild Acadia initiatives to help park ecosystems be resilient to the changes happening within and around them.


Learn More About Summit Restoration

Test plots seek out the best methods for revegetating the park’s summits

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Cadillac Summit Restoration Featured on Maine Public

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Other Ecosystem Resiliency Projects

Bass Harbor Marsh

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Great Meadow

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Invasive Plant Removal

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Jordan Pond Buoy

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